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Uncategorized

How to Restart Chrome without Losing your Tabs

You’ve been using Chrome for a while now, and the extension you just installed tells you that to complete the installation you need to restart Chrome. You might delay restarting Chrome since the tabs you have open are too essential to close at that time.

Thanks to a trick Chrome has, you’ll be able to restart Chrome without the fear of losing all your tabs. Even if the tabs you closed are from a previous session, Chrome still offers the possibility of recovering those as well.

Restore Chrome Tabs from Your Last Session

Your Chrome history should hold onto your session history (unless you regularly clear your browsing history), so that an entire session of your tabs can be restored when you next open Chrome (even after rebooting your PC).

To do this, just open Chrome, click the three-dot menu icon at the top-right corner -> History, then look under “Recently closed.”

Restart Chrome Without Losing Tabs Recently Closed

You’ll see a list of your your recently closed Chrome tabs. (If you closed Chrome with multiple tabs open, you’ll see something like “4 tabs” or “12 tabs,” depending on how many you had open.) Click the list to restore your session.

Create a Shortcut to Restart Chrome

To start saving all the tabs you have open, you’ll need to expose the bookmark bar by pressing Ctrl + Shift + B. Once the bookmark bar drops down, right-click on an empty space and select the option that says “Add Page.”

When the “Edit Bookmark” window appears, name it something like “Restart Chrome,” and in the URL box, type chrome://restart. Once you’ve finished, make sure to click on Save. The page that you had open when you created this bookmark will be saved with the rest of the bookmarks.

Restart Chrome Without Losing Tabs Bookmarks

When you click on it, you’ll trigger Chrome to restart, with all the tabs you had open right where you left them. Try to get used to using this bookmark in the future so that each time you restart Chrome, your tabs will return.

Suppose that the last time you used Chrome you were just so tired that you just couldn’t keep your eyes open any longer, and you turned your computer off. It’s a good thing that Chrome has an option that allows you to pick things up where you left off.

To enable this feature, click on the three dots at the top-right of the browser, and click on Settings. When the new tab appears, look for the section that says “On startup” – it will be the last one down. You can go ahead and swipe without worrying you’ll miss it.

Chrome Lastt

The second option down will be the “Continue where you left off” option. Click on this second option, and the changes are automatically saved. There is no need to click on a save button.

Close the tab as you would normally. From that point on, every time you launch Chrome, the tabs that you were using last time will be the first ones you see in your new session. This trick will also work on Chromebook, just in case you were wondering.

Use OneTab to Save Your Tabs

If you’re willing to use an extension, you may want to give OneTab a try. This Chrome extension will save all the tabs you have open into a list you can find in one tab.

Chrome Onetab

Even if you restart Chrome, the extension will have all the tabs neatly listed. It will also show you options of what you can do with your tabs, such as restore all, delete all, share as a web page, and more.

Categories
Windows

How to Restore Clonezilla Backups to Different Partitions

Clonezilla is a popular software for you to clone your hard disk. However, if you tried to restore a specific partition’s backup to a new HDD that you’d already set up, Clonezilla might have refused to do it. It might have insisted on auto-selecting different partitions and not allowing you to choose where you want your backup restored.

In this guide, we show how to restore your Clonezilla backup to a different partition of your choice (not its choice).

The problem with changed storage assignments

When trying to restore a previous Windows backup through Clonezilla, as in our case, it insisted on restoring it to device “sda” instead of our preferred destination: “sde.” Clonezilla had hard-locked the “sdX” assignment of the original partitions and wouldn’t allow the backup to be restored to different ones.

It’s a justified choice, having the user’s best interests in mind. Clonezilla tries to restore the partitions to their original location so that the operating systems within would remain in working order after restoration.

Clonezilla Alternate Destination Restoring To Original Partitions

One solution to such a problem would be to rearrange all your storage devices to the same way they were originally so that Clonezilla can recognize the device and do its job. There is another solution: get Clonezilla to recognize your new setup.

Hand-editing backups

Let’s begin by assuming that you already have a backup that you want to restore.

Open your file manager and pay a visit to your backup’s folder. Duplicate it as a precaution since we’ll be directly altering its files. One wrong move, and the backup could be rendered useless.

Clonezilla Alternate Destination Copy Backup

Let’s say that you want to restore a backup with two partitions, like a typical Clonezilla backup of a Windows system partition and its accompanying boot partition to an empty secondary HDD. The HDD may have ample free space, but Clonezilla can’t restore to empty space. For this, we will use GParted to partition the HDD. You can skip this step if you’re planning to restore over existing partitions.

Clonezilla Alternate Destination Hdd With Empty Space

Right-click on the unallocated space and create two empty partitions where the original partitions from the backup will be restored.

Note: the new partition targets should be at least as large as the original partitions. Clonezilla can’t, for example, restore a 100 GB partition backup on an 80 GB blank partition.

Double-check the “sdX” assignment of each partition and note the ones you’ll use as your destination.

Go back to the folder of the clone of your backup. We must stress this: leave your original backup untouched and only tweak the clone. Rename the folder to something like “Backup-Test” to be sure you’re in the correct folder and not altering your original backup.

See how some of the files have the sdX assignments of the original devices/partitions in their name? It’s time to rename them. If your backup source were “sda2” and “sda3” from the device “sda,” as in our case, but you now want to restore it to partitions “sde3” and “sde4” on device “sde,” rename all files to reflect that change.

Clonezilla Alternate Destination Renaming Backup Files To Proper Partition Name

The next step is to edit the file “dev-fs.list” with a text editor. You’ll find references to the previous partitions inside. Update it to reflect your new partition scheme.

Let’s repeat this last step for clarity’s sake (and to minimize any chance of a wrong move resulting in data loss). If “dev-fs.list” contained references to partitions “sda1” and “sda2,” but you want to restore your backup to partitions “sde3” and “sde4,” replace “sda1” with “sde3” and “sda2” with “sde4.”

Repeat the previous step with the file “parts.”

Save the changes for both files and exit your text editor.

Restore your backups to where they should be

Fire up Clonezilla again. Choose “Restore Partitions” and point it to the folder where you keep your backups. However, this time, choose your new, renamed backup that you just edited to point to your new partition scheme.

Clonezilla Alternate Destination Choose Editted Backup

In one of the next steps, Clonezilla will report that it found backups for the new “sdX” partitions instead of the originals!

Clonezilla Alternate Destination Success Proper Partitions

Double-check that you’re restoring to the proper spot and not over other partitions that contain useful data, when Clonezilla asks about it, right before it actually starts restoring your backup.

Clonezilla Alternate Destination Restoring After Having Created Missing Partitions

Success! After restoring the backup, mount the new partitions and check their contents. In our case, everything was in working order, where it should be.

Clonezilla Alternate Destination Check Mounted Restored Partition Content
Categories
iOS

7 of the Best iOS Games With Controller Support

The introduction of official controller support in iOS 13 was a radical change for Apple. As good as games can be with touch controls, controller support adds a whole new level of playability. Here are some of the best iOS games that take advantage of controller support.

1. GRID Autosport

GRID Autosport is a known entity thanks to its widespread availability on home consoles. If you want a console-quality racing experience on your iPhone, GRID is as good as it gets. The game sets a high bar for touch controls, but it’s playing with either the Xbox One or PS4 controller that really helps GRID win the race.

Best Controller Games Ios Grid Autosport

Offering more than 100 cars and 100 circuits, the one-time purchase at $9.99, including DLC packs, is worth it many times over. Players can choose from super-easy to ultra-realistic difficulties depending on skill level. The only non-controller function is the lack of L3/R3 support. Support extends from the newest iPhones back to the original iPhone SE and the 5th generation iPad all the way forward.

2. Call of Duty

Arguably the best first-person shooter in the App Store, Call of Duty is exceptional with controller support. This massively popular multiplayer hit includes a number of game modes, including battle royale, 5v5 team deathmatch, sniper versus sniper and so much more.

Best Controller Games Ios Call Of Duty 1

Xbox, PS4 and MFi controllers are instantly mapped so that you can jump directly into gameplay. Call of Duty players who use the console will immediately recognize maps from Black Ops and Modern Warfare adding to the playability. The game is free to download, but unsurprisingly, there are numerous in-app purchases including new outfits, gear, weapons, accessories, etc.

3. Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas

The Grand Theft Auto series needs no introduction, as it’s likely you have previously played Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas. Rockstar’s biggest game on iOS, with releases all the way back in 2014, it has been consistently updated throughout the years. The remastered version at $6.99 includes high-resolution graphics, built specifically for mobile, and support for game controllers.

Best Controller Games Ios Gta San Andreas

Everything you know about the game and genre is contained within, including the main storyline and dozens of side missions to complete. If you really want a game that allows you to play for hours on end just to rack up money to buy new clothes and weapons, this is the game for you.

4. Dead Cells

One of the most popular games on the iOS platform, Dead Cells only gets better with a physical controller. This action platformer is a challenge right from the start.

Best Controller Games Ios Dead Cells

When you die in the game, you start back at the very beginning. The appeal of this game style with its outstanding graphics has elevated Dead Cells right into dozens of “best games on iOS” lists. The $8.99 price is a one-time purchase, with no extras or in-app purchases to help you progress throughout the game. The 2D action is so much fun to play, and even with the frustration of starting from scratch, there is just something about Dead Calls that keeps players coming back again and again.

5. NBA 2K20

Another console quality game that has garnered positive controller reviews on the App Store is NBA 2K20. Available for $9.99, this is the best basketball game on the App Store and possibly the best sports game overall. Numerous aspects of the popular console game carry over to mobile, including “Run the Streets” mode, Blacktop and playing as some of the all-time great NBA teams.

Best Controller Games Ios Nba 2k20

If you are looking for a sports game that will keep you occupied for hours on end, this is the game for you. That it includes support for physical controllers is just icing on the cake.

6. Castlevania: Symphony of the Night

This iconic game will take you back to the glory days of the original PlayStation back in 1997. The direct port of the console classic of Castlevania: Symphony of the Night will let you jump, dash and run, thanks to outstanding controller support.

Best Controller Games Ios Castlevania

Everything you know and love about the classic game is here as you fight through Dracula’s castle fighting off new and challenging enemies along the way. The controllers are focused, easy to learn and help make Symphony of the Night excel on the iPhone and iPad. This RPG classic is arguably its best version ever, and you can play as both Richter or Maria right from the very beginning of the game.

7. Space Marshals 2

Top-down shooters are available across the App Store, but few hold a candle to the fun and enjoyment Space Marshals 2 offers. A self-proclaimed tactical top-down shooter, you are tasked with using the environment to take cover and choose your shots carefully. Find weapons all over each map to help you stealthily work your way through each level. Alternatively, you can load up on some of the 70 available weapons and try a more guns blazing approach. Can you make it all the way to the end? There’s only one way to find out.

Best Controller Games Ios Space Castles

The unique graphic style is incredibly fun to watch and play again and again. With more than 20 missions available for $4.99, you can add 10 more with a new mission pack for $2.99. No matter how you choose to play, Space Marshals 2 is a fantastic experience and a must download for any top down shooter fan.

Categories
News

Apple Forces Google to Show Collected Gmail Data on iPhone

Apple’s new privacy feature is having the desired effect: it’s forcing Google to own up to its business practices. After delaying updates to several of its iOS/iPadOS apps, it’s finally doing so and submitting the App Privacy labels to meet Apple’s demands. Google has finally revealed the Gmail data that it collects on iPhones and iPads and how it uses it.

Apple’s New Data Privacy Feature

Apple made a change to iOS 14, requiring apps to reveal on the App Store what data it collects on its users. Rollout of the feature was delayed, but the transparency is finally starting to show up in the app listings at the App Store.

The most notable company to fight Apple’s demand was Facebook. The social network even went as far as to take out newspaper ads vilifying Apple for making this demand on data transparency.

Apple Gmail Data Label

Not only do developers have to admit what data they collect, but they also have to disclose their purposes for collecting it and how it will be used.

Apple appears to be banking on users not being aware of what their apps are collecting. But user data is a hot currency with developers. It’s very important to most app business models, with Facebook making that clear with its intense fight.

Google Forced to Comply

Google wasn’t as loud as Facebook in its protest – in fact, it said nothing. However, it still made it clear that it did not want to disclose such things as the Gamil data it collects.

Apple Gmail Data Download

Google delayed updating its iOS and iPadOS apps for a few months. It had been since December that apps that are regularly updated posted updates to the App Store.

With updates to apps like YouTube and Gmail, it appears Google is ending its silent strike. To no one’s surprise, the App Privacy labels on the App Store are showing that Google collects a lot of personal data from iPhone and iPad users.

Google has been forced to own up to the Gamil data it collects. The App Privacy label shows that it collects purchases, location, contact info, contacts, user content, search history, identifiers, usage data, diagnostics, and other data. Not only does it collect that Gmail data, it links it back to your identity.

Apple Gmail Data Apps

Comparing the way data is used between Gmail and YouTube, it isn’t used the same from app to app. YouTube has more uses for the data. Notably, Google does not share YouTube or Gmail data with other companies, but it does use it to target users with specific ads.

So far, the App Privacy labels have been revealing with regard to Google. Whether it will be for smaller developers as a whole is unknown. But this could lead to an industry change, with no more hidden data policies.

Categories
News

Twitch Streamer Built a Working Controller with a Pomegranate and Used It to Play Hades

People have been building custom-controllers to play games for the longest time. We even saw a hardware hacker build a Mario Kart controller using a Mario figurine. We, however, have never seen someone use pomegranate as a controller. Yes, you heard that right! The fruit pomegranate. A Twitch streamer recently built a working game controller using an actual pomegranate and used it to beat Hades.

Now, if you did not know, Hades is a popular roguelike title by Supergiant Games. It was released in the market last year, after existing as an early-access beta since 2018. And it involves running through dungeons and beating Greek-mythological villains.

Ever since its public release, the game has garnered many players. They have come up with unique ways to finish a run in the game, using certain power-ups and items. However, none of them has played the game and finished it using a pomegranate controller except Twitch streamer Rudeism.

The guy literally took a freshly sliced pomegranate and used a Makey Makey invention kit to turn the fruit pieces into buttons. Makey Makey, for the uninitiated, is essentially a toy that can turn household items such as a bowl of water or even bananas, into interesting inventions.

So, the streamer got a $50 Make Makey kit, attached a few wires to the pomegranate pieces, and bound their inputs to the inputs of a controller. This way, he was able to build a working game controller out of a pomegranate and use it to beat Hades.

Now, during the process of building the controller, Rudeism had a ton of failed attempts. However, the guy did not give and after hours of trying, his hard work finally paid off amazingly.

You can check out the full 7-hour stream of Rudeism building the pomegranate controller on his Twitch channel. Later, he shared a tweet (attached below) showcasing the working of his creation.

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Uncategorized

4 of the Best Search Engines For Privacy

For the past several years, online privacy has been a prominent theme. Google, in particular, dominates almost all aspects of the Internet, which considering its business model, isn’t compatible with user privacy. As such, many are looking for Google alternatives, especially when it comes to search engines.

In this post, we look at some of the best search engines that focus on privacy first and foremost. Before this, we also discuss why you’d want to choose a more private search engine in the first place.

Why You Should Choose a More Private Search Engine

When it comes to search engine usage, Google dominates. In fact, it’s not just in search, but for browser usage, cloud-based desktop publishing, and much more. However, Google’s business model doesn’t put your privacy or data first.

Google thrives on monetizing the data of its users to turn a profit. As the saying goes, “Free often doesn’t mean free.” In other words, you are the product.

This has bled into more mainstream user’s thoughts, and now there is a groundswell of opposition to Google’s preferred business practices.

Let’s take a look at the search engines that are focused on privacy. They are not presented in any certain order, so feel free to jump around and investigate those that catch your eye.

1. DuckDuckGo

Probably the most famous of the privacy-focused search engines, DuckDuckGo is the poster child of privacy. Its search results are collated from a number of sources, including Yahoo!, Wolfram Alpha, and its own DuckDuckBot crawler.

The DuckDuckGo home page.

However, this shouldn’t have any privacy implications, as your data isn’t passed to third parties. Even so, clicking links to external sources, such as YouTube videos in search, will obviously be out of DuckDuckGo’s control.

To generate income, DuckDuckGo uses ads and affiliate-linking to sites such as Amazon, but all ads are clearly demarcated. What’s more, the affiliate linking doesn’t contain any personal info, so your search results are safe.

2. StartPage

If you really need to access Google search results, the best pick for you is StartPage. StartPage has the benefit of replicating Google’s search results by sending your searches to Google, then displaying the results for you. Google doesn’t know it was you – all it knows is that StartPage requested the information, which doesn’t tie back to you in any way.

StartPage also uses top-end SSL encryption and doesn’t use cookies or keep track of IP addresses or searches. It searches with all the power of Google but without the intrusiveness. One of my favorite features is the option to let you search by proxy, so even your browsing within websites can’t be tracked when you visit them.

best-search-engine-for-privacy-startpage-x

In a testament to their seriousness about keeping your data private, StartPage even removed Yahoo from their search results when it was unveiled that the company had willingly helped the NSA snoop on Yahoo account holders. Good on you, StartPage!

3. Searx

Next up, Searx is an open-source “metasearch” engine run by volunteers. This means there are no ads, affiliate links, or any other “trackable” elements.

The Searx search results.

The difference between Searx and other search engines lies in how it’s distributed. The developers encourage users to run their own server, which means you’ll have almost 100 instances to choose from.

A list of Searx online instances.

Once you get to a search page, the results are mixed. The look is functional, and you aren’t going to get the same quality of results as other search engines. However, it’s private, free, and worth your time if you’re a “Do-It-Yourself” app builder.

4. Qwant

The Qwant search engine.

Our final Google alternative is Qwant. It’s a French company that looks to provide privacy and style at once. We’d argue it’s the better looking of all search engines, although its privacy is more on our radar.

A Qwant search result.

It uses its own indexing to provide search results but also uses Bing in some cases. The business model is built around ads and affiliate linking, using the Bing ads network. In our tests, we even saw ads for Google products and services, which somewhat goes against the “spirit” of the whole private browsing movement.

Qwant results showing Google advertisements.

Even so, Qwant is a solid and private search engine that even offers a child-friendly version. As such, it’s worth checking out – especially if you’re a French speaker.

Categories
Android Windows

Microsoft’s Your Phone App Will Soon Let Users Change Phone Settings from Their PC

Microsoft has been working hard to improve its Your Phone app to enable a seamless connection between your Android phone and Windows 10 PC. The company has added quite a lot of features to the app over the past years. Now, it has started rolling out a new feature that lets you change your Android phone’s settings right from your PC.

The feature dubbed “Device Indicators” will reportedly let you access and control your smartphone’s settings such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Night mode, or Do Not Disturb mode right from the Your Phone app on your desktop. The app currently only shows the status of these settings of a connected smartphone. With this feature, however, users will be able to actually toggle the settings on or off from the app.

So, as soon as this rolls out publicly, users will see four new interactive buttons in the Your Phone app. These will be located under the image of the device and will let users turn on/ off Bluetooth, Do Not Disturb, and the audio player. When you change a setting in the Your Phone app, the same will be reflected on your device.

Below is a GIF (via ALumia) that shows the working of this feature:

Now, as per the reports, the said feature is gradually rolling out and will come with the app’s version v1.21012.195.0. As a result, it might take some time for all Your Phone users to receive support for this functionality.

Categories
Windows

What is VRM and How it Affects CPU Performance

For how easy it is to build a computer, we often don’t appreciate the electrical engineering that takes place to make that happen. For example, how does the motherboard manage the way your CPU gets power? Through a Voltage Regulator Module (VRM). But what is a VRM and how does it affect your CPU performance? Here we answer those questions.

What Is a VRM?

Your motherboard’s VRM is a crucial but underappreciated series of electronic components that ensure your CPU or GPU receives clean power at a consistent voltage.

A poor VRM can lead to degraded performance and limit a processor’s ability to function under load. It can even lead to unexpected shutdowns, especially when overclocking.

How Does a VRM Work?

A VRM’s first job is to convert the 12-volt power from your computer’s power supply down to a usable voltage. For processors, this is typically between 1.1V to 1.3V. The delicate electronics inside can be easily shorted by too many volts. Precision is also crucial when powering a processor, and the required voltage must be delivered as exactly as possible. That’s why VRMs are more complex than a simple piece of wire. But at their heart they are basically a buck converter, precisely stepping down voltage to appropriate levels.

The VRM uses three components to do its job: MOSFETs, inductors (also called chokes), and capacitors. There’s also an integrated circuit (IC) to control it all, sometimes called a PWM controller. A simplified schematic of a single-phase VRM can be found below.

what-is-a-vrm-single-phase-basic-vrm-schematic

A more detailed discussion of each component’s function can be found on WikiChip’s VRM page.

Multi-Phase VRMs

Modern computers require more than a single phase VRM. Modern power systems use a multi-phase VRM. Multiple phases spread the power load over a broader physical area, reducing heat production and stress on components as well as providing other electrical improvements related to efficiency and per-part costs.

what-is-a-vrm-multi-phase-vrm-schematic

Each phase of a modern multi-phase VRM supplies a fraction of the power required, taking turns to provide power to the CPU. Taken individually, each phase provides a brief moment of power, visualized as a square-shaped wave.

what-is-a-vrm-multi-phase-vrm-staggered-phase-square-waves

Each phase’s burst of power is staggered from the last, so that while only one phase is operating at a time, the total amount of power never changes. This, in turn, produces a smooth, reliable power source – the “clean” power required for a CPU to function optimally. You can see a simplified system in operation below.

what-is-a-vrm-multi-phase-vrm-multi-phase-vrm-overview

VRM Phase Numbering and Truth in Advertising

VRMs are typically sold as something like “8+3” or “6+2.” The number before the plus indicates the number of phases dedicated to cleaning power for the CPU. The number after the plus indicates the VRM phases left to power other motherboard components like RAM.

When the first number is greater than 8, such as “12+1,” “18+1,” or even higher, the manufacturer often makes use of a device called a doubler. A doubler allows them to multiply the benefit of the existing phases without building additional phases into the board. While this isn’t quite as effective as wholly separated phases, it does allow for some electrical improvements at a lesser cost. And since it allows manufacturers to raise a buyer-facing number at small expense to themselves, they often take advantage.

How Does a VRM Improve Performance?

The goal with a VRM is the provision of clean and reliable power. Yet even a basic VRM can deliver sufficient performance to maintain a mid-range CPU at stock speeds. When overclocking or pushing component limits, the quality of the VRM becomes more important.

gigabyte-motherboard-vrm-diagram

Overclockers should seek out a VRM made from reliable components. If its components are cheap, they may fail to supply sufficient voltage under load, causing surprise shutdowns. The most variable components are capacitors and chokes.

Look for leak-resistant capacitors. These are often marketed under names like “Japanese Capacitors,” “Dark Capacitors,” or “Solid Capacitors.” High overclocks will require better chokes as well. You can find this named as super-ferrite chokes (SFCs) or “Premium Alloy Chokes.” Also look for heatsinks over some or all MOSFETs – finned, if possible.

Additionally, those who are using higher-powered CPUs, like Threadripper CPUs, should ensure that they’re getting a good-quality VRM on their motherboards. Many manufacturers are prepared for Threadripper in this respect, but with CPUs that power hungry, it’s super important to make sure you can get clean power as often as possible.

Categories
Windows

How to Allocate More RAM to Specific Apps in Windows 10

Do you know you can specify how much RAM you want a particular app to use on your Windows 10 computer? Whether it’s your browser that starts lagging with dozens of open tabs or a game that just won’t work with streaming music or other programs running in the background, it’s a problem that most of us have faced over the years. So today, we will show you how to allocate more RAM to specific apps in Windows 10 to optimize memory usage in your computer. You will also learn how to increase or reduce RAM cache in Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox.

Allocate More RAM to Specific Apps in Windows 10

Typically, Windows does a decent job of deciding how much memory to allocate to each app. However, you can override the default system settings manually and prioritize RAM allocation for specific apps in Windows 10. Here’s how you do it:

Method 1: Using Task Manager

The easiest way to allocate additional memory to any specific application in Windows is by elevating its priority. You can do it easily from the Task Manager by following the steps detailed below:

  • Open Task Manager (Ctrl+Shift+Esc) and click on the ‘Details’ tab.
task manager
  • Now right-click on the executable for your target application. Hover over ‘Set Priority’ and choose ‘High’ or ‘Above Normal’ based on how much of a priority that program is for you.
allocate more ram to specific apps
  • Confirm by clicking on ‘Change Priority’ in the confirmation box.
allocate more ram to specific apps

This would ensure that your computer gives higher priority to that program over other applications that may be running simultaneously.

Method 2: Using Windows Context Menu

You can also specify the amount of RAM for each program by using the next method. It works for most apps, but here, we will show you how to set (increase or reduce) RAM cache in Google Chrome.

  • Right-click on the Chrome shortcut on your desktop if available. Now select ‘Properties’.
chrome properties

Note: If there’s no Chrome shortcut on the desktop, right-click on Google Chrome in the Start Menu and select ‘More > Open File Location’. Now right-click on the shortcut in the opened folder and select ‘Properties’.

  • Now in the ‘Shortcut’ tab, find the ‘Target’ field and copy+paste –disk-cache-size=1073741824 at the end of the existing entry. Click on ‘OK’.
allocate more ram to specific apps chrome

The above action would allocate up to 1073741824 bytes (1GB) of RAM cache to Google Chrome. I chose 1GB for demo purposes. You can select any value of your choice (depending on available memory in your computer) to increase or reduce RAM cache in Google Chrome.

Method 3: Using App Settings

The best way to allocate additional RAM to a program (or reduce memory allocation) is to specify the amount from within that app’s settings. However, this method does not work for all apps, and even when it does, the process varies from one program to another. Here, we will show you how to set (increase or reduce) RAM cache in Mozilla Firefox.

  • To manually set RAM cache in Mozilla Firefox, first type-in about:config in your browser address bar and press Enter. If you get a warning, dismiss it to access advanced options.
Mozilla Firefox
  • Now search for browser.cache in the about:config search field. From the results, find browser.cache.disk.enable and double-click on it to change its value to ‘false’.
Firefox about:config settings
  • Now find browser.cache.memory.enable. It should be ‘true’ by default. This means that disk cache is now turned off and memory cache is turned on.
Firefox about:config settings
  • Now find browser.cache.memory.capacity. The default value for this entry is “-1”. Hit the ‘Edit’ button (pen icon) to change its value.
Firefox about:config settings
  • Enter your desired value to increase or reduce RAM cache in Mozilla Firefox. Finally, click on the blue tick mark on the right to save your settings.
allocate more ram to specific apps set ram cache in Firefox

Note: The memory cache you enter must be in kilobytes. So to allocate 1GB, the entry should be 1048576. The default value of “-1” lets Firefox choose the size of its cache depending on your computer’s installed RAM capacity.

Risks of Allocating Wrong Amount of RAM

You are unlikely to damage your PC by specifying too much (or too little) RAM to any app. However, it can cause a program to crash or become unusable under certain conditions. The reason for that is what’s called a ‘stack overflow error‘, which happens when the call stack memory is exceeded. Also worth noting is that some applications are coded to use a specific amount of RAM. So you might not see a massive improvement by allocating more memory to those programs.

Allocate More RAM to Specific Apps to Improve System Performance in Windows 10

With consumer PCs starting to ship with insane amounts of RAM, you may not always notice any significant slowdown in performance while using multiple programs and applications at once. However, you must have felt the need to optimize memory usage if you’re using an older computer or an entry-level machine with limited memory.

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Windows

How to Send Encrypted Emails in Gmail (Confidential Mode)

Over the years, email services had served as an easy contact option for people. As of now, there are hundreds of email services available on the web that anyone can register and use. Most of the email services were free, but they have limited storage options.

Out of all email services, Gmail seems to be the best option. Gmail is now the most popular email option available for Android, iOS, macOS, Windows, and the web. With Gmail, you can easily send & receive emails, send file attachments, etc.

If you have been using Gmail regularly, you might know that Google keeps adding new features to its email client to improve the user experience. Compared to all other email services, Gmail offers users more features and options.

The new feature is a part of Gmail’s ‘Confidential Mode’, and it helps users add an extra layer of security and prevent unauthorised access. In this article, we will share a step-by-step guide on how to send encrypted emails using Gmail.

Step 1. First of all, login to your Gmail account.

login to your Gmail account

Step 2. Now on the left pane, click on the ‘Compose’ button.

click on the 'Compose' button

Step 3. In the email composition Window, enter the recipient’s email address, subject, and the content of the email.

Step 4. Now you need to click on the ‘Lock’ button as shown below. This will enable the Confidential mode.

lick on the 'Lock' button

Step 5. You can set the expiration date for the email. Now on the Require Passcode section, enable the ‘SMS Passcode’ option.

enable the 'SMS Passcode' option

Step 6. Once done, click on the ‘Send’ button.

Step 7. Now you will be asked to enter the recipient’s phone number. Make sure to enter the recipient’s phone number.

enter the recipient's phone number

Step 8. The recipient would need to click on the ‘Send Passcode’ button to receive a passcode on their phone number.

That’s it! You are done. This is how you can send encrypted emails on Gmail.